T4: A Novel by Ann Clare LeZotte


How many of you teach social studies? When you cover World War II, do you discuss the T4 program and the experimentation and attempted extermination of people with deafness?

Every year, I am amazed at my students lack of knowledge about T4. It would seem an easy way to make the Holocaust relatable to our DHH students, yet the majority of my students have no idea that it wasn’t just Jews who were targeted during the war but individuals with disabilities, among other populations.

In my first year teaching, I discovered a fantastic book for a literature connection to my WWII unit. T4: A Novel by Ann Clare Lezotte is a historical fiction YA about a Deaf teen in Germany. Paula was mostly uneducated and isolated by her language that was limited to home signs. When the T4 program begins in Germany, a local priest convinces Paula’s family to send her into hiding. Paula is only distantly aware of the war and why she is leaving her home as she is hidden in one place after another. Along the way, Paula gains communication skills, independence, and confidence she never had when she relied on family to do everything for her. She also meets a young man, Kurt, who is also hiding from the Nazis, but for different reasons. Paula and Kurt develop a deep connection that eventually becomes romantic.

Boys and girls of all ages can find something within this novel to connect to on a personal level while still making those important text to world connection on both a historical and current level. The book is written in free verse form (perfect for April National Poetry Month). It is appropriate for even low-level readers with support and provides plenty of opportunity for grammar/language lessons, poetry lessons, and figurative language identification and discussion. Students gain a different, more personal perspective about the European WWII experience.

I use this book every year, both as part of my ELA classes and my social studies class. I’ve also used this with itinerant students and GED students. It works well for ages 11 and up. Strong readers could read it younger. All my students have had “aha!” moments when reading this book, and most of them really enjoyed it, even if they don’t normally admit to liking books. It is definitely one of the more popular books on my shelves.

I give this book 4.5 out of 5 stars. I do wish there was more history included, but Paula’s isolation and lack of awareness prevent too much detail from being included. Other than that, this is a fun, well-written and genuinely powerful book about love and independence under the obstacle of social isolation and war.

Have any of you read this book? What did you think? Please share your opinion and any lesson suggestions.